Prenuptial Agreement For Mix Couple, Indonesia & Foreigner

30 Mar

As the time and increasing everyone’s property in the digital age, making people more confident of his ability and give priority to individuality.

Many young people no longer think of a successful marriage as a natural and just based on love, but a sense of selfishness sometimes still arise when his affair reaches its peak.

Now days pre-nuptial agreements are not to be a taboo topic, despite of the fact that pre-nuptial agreement that has been written in the MarriageAct No. 1 in 1974 and also written in Indonesia Civil Code (ICC).

  1. What is a prenuptial agreement?

Under the Marriage Law Article 29 paragraph (1) states:

“At the time before the marriage held, both parties upon mutual agreement can be entered into a written agreement approved by the Civil Registrar of marriage, after which it shall also apply to third parties through third parties involved “.

Based on the above we can see the terms of the validity of the prenuptial agreement :

  • Made before the marriage held;
  • Contains about things that do not violate the limits of the law, religion and morality (Article 29 paragraph (2) in conjunction with Article 139 ICC);
  • Passes by a Notary Public in
  • In please register in the Civil Register of Marriage (Non Islam) / Office of Religious Affairs (Islam) in accordance with their legal domicile citizen.

Thus, the covenant of marriage was entered into force since the marriage held.

2. What is the content of the prenuptial agreement ?

As the general agreement, which is concern about the deal between the parties that promise something, same thing with prenuptial agreement. However, in general, prenuptial agreement is about the property of the marriage, such as:

  • Unity gain and loss;

(Article 163 ICC says all debts both husband and wife together, which is created during the marriage, should be counted as a loss together. What are stolen from the evil one of the couple does not include loss of joint “)

  • Unity yields and incomes;
  • There is no unity at all in property

In the Indonesia Civil Code which was created in the Dutch period, and the Marriage Act was clear and very beneficial to both parties which states as follows:

Article 35 paragraph (1) : The treasures acquired during the marriage becomes joint property;

Article 35 paragraph (2): an innate property of their respective husbands and wives and property, each of which is obtained as a gift, is under the supervision of each, as long as the parties do not make other promises.

From here we can see, the law assumes that the union of a woman and a man in a house under the sanctity of marriage is also a legal one, and including united in the property acquired after marriage

  3. What are the prohibition contents of the prenuptial agreement?

  • not contradict with the proper morality or with the public order, and the following regulations must also be heed.  (Article 139 ICC);
  • shall not diverging the rights which arisen from the authority of the man as husband, and from the authority as a father, nor from the rights which the law has given to the one who lives (Article 140 (1) ICC) ;
  • shall not reduce the rights the entitle to the husband as the head of matrimony; but without prejudice to the power of the wife to put condition on her to manage the personal property, both moveable and immovable property, including enjoying her own income liberally (Article 140 paragraph (2) ICC );
  • Husband and wife will not remove any of the rights granted to them the law to inherit the heritage treasures of their offspring in a straight line down (grandchildren);
  • If the property is terminated unity, should not be agreed that the husband or the wife will pay the debt that is greater than the benefits in the union’s property;
  • Should not be included a statement claiming that their marriage bond only subject to the applicable laws in a foreign country or may be some customs (Article 143 ICC).

I personally as a lawyer who also  one time being a wife as my nature was created as a woman, argued that the legislation that has existed since ancient times has been very efficient and good for both parties, because that makes the law is not Just the people who are experts in the field of law but also to those skilled in philosophy and law have been thinking about the impact of hundreds of years, but still human and law must also evolve and develop.

So in my opinion, there should be no prenuptial agreement, because the union of a man and woman become one flesh (as in the Bible) under a sacred bond called marriage, and they also became one of the law.

However, in the case of mixed marriages citizens and foreigners seem at the present time, it is imperative to make a prenuptial agreement, why? because it was feared would be difficult in terms of the purchase of goods not moving, such as houses and land, why (?)

  4. Why you should make a prenuptial agreement?

        5. Why separate the  property?

I am totally disagree with this reasoning, because every citizen has the right to every centimeter of land in the motherland Indonesia, so the government can not prevent a citizen who is married to foreigners without making prenuptial agreement to buy land in Indonesia, it is a I can not accept. But, let’s see who can be accepted for the following reasons:

  • To prevent the purchase of land or property in Indonesia that can easily be owned by foreigners marrying foreign citizens to obtain property rights to the property in Indonesia.

Having noted these reasons, it is true that a foreigner should not have property rights to the property in Indonesia, they were only given the right to cultivate, rights to use state land, or the Right Rental Property for Buildings on the basis of a written agreement with the owner rights to the land in question as the Agrarian Law No. 5 of 1960 that his time was also determined and can be extended one time only.

There have been many areas in Indonesia are owned by foreigners married to local citizens in order to get a soil with a low price. One example of an island in the province, almost 80% already owned by foreigners that the resale value is extremely low, most foreigners are foreigners Australia, they bought land near the beach, build a resort, set the claim on land that does not allow the local citizens to pass the coast infact the local residents are citizens of livelihood of fishermen. There are many other issues and it can be discussed in another topic.

If our review above talking about the “benefit principle” by foreigners against citizens, now let’s discuss the “benefit principle” of a citizen against foreigners.

One big advantage of prenuptial agreement is to protect your assets before and after marriage, because indeed it is a crucial point in time that makes things easier just by clicking on a gadget.

Each person would have never imagined to meet with a woman or man that is qualified to “gold digger“. So that the prenuptial agreement, you are able to avoid a gold digger.

I have handled several cases of “unpleasant acts” by a “Gold Digger” and that became my clients are foreigners, of course, my client became the injured party in this relationship, but the law is fair enough and the foreigner won the case.

Following reasons as the separation of property described in Article 186 ICC :

  1. When her husband, a real misdeed, squandering the goods of joint matrimonial property, and allow households in danger of collapse.
  2. If for chaos and ugliness of the husband property maintenance, property insurance for his wife and marriage to what the law is the right wife to be missing, or if due to negligence in the maintenance of the wife’s marital property, that property is at risk .
now days, not just the husband do bad things.

6. Can the Prenuptial Marriage Agreement  be renewed?

Under the  Marriage Act Article 29 Paragraph (4)   wrote that the Prenuptial Agreement can not be changed, unless there is consent of both parties and do not harm third parties (Third Party if it has been included in the prenuptial agreement before)

Based on the descriptions above and legal analyst on prenuptial agreements between citizens and foreigners, it is not wrong to be wary of things that are not desirable in the future, although it is not expected to be happen. As a proverb says “prepared the umbrella before it rains”.

17 Responses to “Prenuptial Agreement For Mix Couple, Indonesia & Foreigner”

  1. Yulia September 24, 2012 at 11:47 pm #

    Dear Indolaw,
    masalah prenup ini bener-bener rumit, saya sudah punya prenup yang dibuat sebelum menikah, kemudia saat itu juga kami menikah, 10 tahun lalu, menikah di kedutaan, tidak di catatan sipil. Dan kami tidak pernah mendaftar kan prenup tersebut. Apakah masih bisa saya daftarkan? Kalau bisa dimana?

    Kemudian saya dan suami membeli property atas nama saya di Indonesia, apa akan ada masalah nanti di kemudian hari?

    terima kasih,

    Yulia

    • indonesialawforyou September 25, 2012 at 12:29 pm #

      Dear Ibu Yulia,
      Sebuah pernikahan dinyatakan sah apabila telah dicatatkan di catatan sipil sebagaimana diatur oleh Undang-Undang Pernikahan. dengan kata lain jelas alas haknya.

      Dalam kasus ibu, penyelesaiannya adalah sebagai berikut :
      Pernikahan ibu di negara suami (dilakukan sesuai hukum dan tata cara negara suami) di catatkan ke Kedubes Indonesia di negara suami, yang menyatakan bahwa pernikahan ibu adalah telah sah dan sesuai dengan undang-undang negara tersebut dilakukan, kemudian surat keterangan tersebut dibawa ke Pengadilan Negeri di Indonesia (pada wilayah domisili hukum ibu di Indonesia), untuk mendapatkan putusan pengadilan yang menyatakan bahwa ibu telah menikah secara sah di Luar Negeri dan telah diakui di negara tersebut begitu juga di Indonesia, setelah putusan pengadilan keluar, putusan tersebut ibu bawa ke Kantor Catatan Sipil atau KUA domisili hukum ibu di Indonesia untuk didaftarkan pernikahan tersebut. setelah itu barulah pernikahan ibu dinyatakan SAH dan diakui menurut hukum Indonesia dan hukum Negera Suami.

      Perihal prenuptial yang sudah dibuat pada saat menikah tetapi belum dicatatkan. Penyelesaiannya : dalam pengajuan permohonan pengesahan di Pengadilan Negeri tadi, ibu bisa sekaligus mengajukan prenuptial tersebut, jadi dengan putusan tersebut juga, sudah dapat dikatakan prenuptial agreement ibu adalah SAH.

      Property yang telah dibeli juga tidak menjadi masalah lagi, sepanjang di dalam prenuptial agreement tadi sudah diatur ketentuannnya, dan karena prenuptial agrement tadi sudah sah menurut putusan hakim pada pengadilan negeri, sehingga prenuptial tadi dan property yang telah ibu beli tidak dapat diganggu gugat lagi.

      Semoga membantu.

      Salam,
      PARULIAN & ASSOCIATES LAW OFFICE

  2. mark tay October 8, 2012 at 11:40 pm #

    i would like to invest in indonesia , but since i am a foreigner i can’t owe any property. so i am thinking of having find a partner and get married and would like to have a prenuptial agreement. the question is, since i don’t have any property in indonesia yet, can i enter a prenuptial agreement.
    secondly, if i acquired the property after the marriage, can my spouse claim the property ?

    • indonesialawforyou October 10, 2012 at 10:21 am #

      Dear Mr. Mark..
      A foreigner also can have a property in Indonesia but the base of the law is different with Indonesian right, for example a land/building.. Indonesian can own that with the “property rights” but the foreigners can olny have that with the base of law “right to rent, right to lease etc. I had been made an article about that.. check this out
      https://indolawforyou.wordpress.com/2012/03/30/can-a-foreigner-own-a-house-in-indonesia/

      Yes, many foreigners have trick like that, trying to have local partners and marrying Indonesian. Making the prenuptial agreement is the way that Indonesian gorvernment made to protect the rights and the property rights in Indonesia from foreigners.

      “Prenuptial agreement” that mean you the agreement before you married. registered it first on notary. So if you got married and then thinking to made “prenuptial agreement” that is wrong and you will against the law or saying to try to make a fraud. The solution to have an agreement after you marriage is making “Pasca Married Agreement” yes, that is rarely doing here, but the point is The Law did not prohibit that, and you still can protect your property. But the legal force of the Pasca Married Agreement will not be the same than the “prenuptial agreement”

      If you acquired the property after marriage, you spouse can claim the property or also can not claim the property. It will be depend on the AGREEMENT. That is the point. But the agreement SHOULD NOT ADVERSE your spouse (Indonesian).

      Regards.

  3. Ella1234 May 30, 2013 at 6:49 pm #

    INDONESIAN married foreigned overseas – what to do next? Please HELP
    ———————————————————–

    Hi there!

    My husband is foreign, I am indonesian and we got married in Europe a few years ago with a prenuptial agreement regarding property (which is in the indonesian language and provides that the laws of indonesia apply to it) signed in Europe between us before we got married outside Indonesia, but we did not know we had to register our marriage at the Indonesian Consulate or Embassy. Since we got married we leave outside indonesia.

    1. Can we report/register now our marriage at the Embassy / Consulate although some years past since we got married?
    2. Can we also report/register now our prenuptual agreement, when we register our marriage?
    3. What exactly do we need to do? What documents do we need for these registrations?
    4. What documents do we need to get from the Consulate or Embassy to prove we did register both the marriage and the prenuptial agreement?
    5. What do we need to do when in future we go to indonesia, do we need to register again the marriage and prenuptial agreement? Do we need to go both together to register these?
    6. My passport is valid for another few years but my KTP is expired now – can I renew my KTP at the Consulate or Embassy or do I need to do it in indonesia when in future I go?
    7. Are there any time limits for the reporting/registrations with the indonesian consulate or embassy for marriages outside indonesia and prenuptial agreements?
    Is there any time limit for renewing the KTP when I leave outside indonesia or my indonesian passport once expired – or I can renew the KTP when I go to indonesia in the future and my passport before I need to travel?
    8. Finally, we have children now – do we have to report/register them at the indonesian consulate or embassy or can we just get them a passport (can thor put them on mine) before they travel sometime in the future to indonesia? What documents would we need to show for them and what document to get from the consulate or embassy? Also, what would we need to do when we go with them sometime in the future to indonesia?

    Looking forward to your response. Please help me to know these information/facts and so have peace of mind! Any answers you can give me to any of the above questions would be appreciated greatly.

    Thank you!

  4. jrbeltman August 29, 2013 at 1:56 pm #

    Dear Nova,
    We’re getting married in Korea this October. I’m a foreigner from Holland and my wife to be is Indonesian. We understand we need the prenup valid for Indonesian law.

    However we’re confused by the many sources on the internet on what happens if we marry outside of Indonesia and cant sign the prenup in Indonesia before marriage. Could you confirm how this works? We understand that:

    1. We need a notary in Indonesia to create prenup for us according to Indonesian law, stating in particular that any property purchased in Indonesia will be my wife’s property only.
    2. My partner can bring this to Korea and we can sign in front of Indonesian embassy staff (does it matter who from the embassy?)
    3. When we are both in Indonesia (perhaps December) we need to register it there at the Pengadilan Negeri

    Could you please confirm and let us know if we are missing anything?

    Thank you ever so much!

    JR

    • Nova Situmeang August 29, 2013 at 2:21 pm #

      Dear JR, earlier congratulation for your marriage.

      1. Yes you need a notary in Indonesia to create prenup according to Indonesian law, it could be “stating in particular that any property purchased in Indonesia will be my wife’s property only” and any matter that you both need to clarify in the prenup, the point is , all the clauses do not against Indonesian rule, that is Marriage Rules, inappropriate clause, norms of propriety, immoral and public order. The notary already have the format of the clauses but the couple can ask to add some clause that you need.

      2. Yes, so far its just to make it officially, sign the prenup in front of the Indonesia embassy. The embassy can decide who testify/witness the signing process. after that, asked them to give a letter stating that the signing of the prenup was made ​​and witness by the employee / ambassador in the embassy. so its legal.

      3. Register the prenuptial agreement in the Kantor Catatan Sipil (for non moslem) and in Kantor Urusan Agama (for moslem).

      Remember, you need to sign it before the marriage (October – thats why its called prenuptial agreement) and its possible for send to Indonesia and asked your wife family to registered it as I mentioned above (No.3) before October.

      Hope its help.
      Regards

  5. lala May 7, 2014 at 5:46 pm #

    Hello,I’m a Indonesian women and I will married with Korean man in Korea during this year. I read some comment before. I have a plan to make prenuptial agreement also with notary in Indonesia.

    But I’m confused about “sign the prenup in front of the Indonesia embassy”. As I know, we make and sign the agreement in front of notary and they will translated in English and Korea also. Then we will registered.

    The other question is, where I should registered the agreement when I will make civilization marriage in Korea? Is the agreement should be submit during register in Korea? or Register at Indonesia Embassy in Korea? or register at Indonesia?

    • Nova Situmeang November 19, 2014 at 5:05 am #

      1. It is correct that the prenuptial agreement has to sign in front of the notary who make the prenuptial agreement.

      2. For Indonesian law needed, it’s must register to dinas catatan sipil.

  6. ancillathe May 8, 2014 at 7:18 pm #

    Hello, I’m Indonesian woman who will marriage with korean man. I would like to confirm about prenuptial agreement. I understand about that document for “stating in particular that any property purchased in Indonesia will be my wife’s property only”

    My understanding that I make the prenuptial agreement together (man and woman) in front of notariat in Indonesia and then register together during marriage. But I’m still confuse about ” sign the prenup in front of the Indonesia embassy”. What is the meaning?

    Then, my plan that I will register my marriage first in Korea then we will register in Indonesia. May I ask, When and where is the prenuptial agreement should be submit if I want to marriage in Korea?

    And another question, I’m still confuse about register marriage in Korea. After I register marriage at Korea, then I should confirm with embassy indonesia in korea, and then I bring that document to register in the Kantor Catatan Sipil? Is it the right procedure?

    Thank you ever so much!

    • Nova Situmeang November 19, 2014 at 5:09 am #

      It is correct that the prenuptial agreement has to sign in front of the notary who make it.

      To register your marriage in Indonesia, you need Surat Pernyataan from KBRI in Korea stated your marriage than bring it to Catatan Sipil.

  7. Cherry November 8, 2014 at 6:07 pm #

    Dear ibu Yulia,
    Sbg pelaku kawin campur ,saya ingin bisa mendapatkan
    informasi terupdate sehubungan dgn aturan2 yg berlaku.Dan
    saya ada pertanyaan mengenai :

    1. Sehubungan dgn di hilangkannya halaman kolom
    perjanjian pd buku nikah yg di keluarkan KUA .Maka
    pencantuman preuptial married tidak lagi ada di buku nikah
    yg model terbaru sekarang.Yang jadi pertanyaan saya,
    dimanakah pencantuman prenuptial married di tuliskan ?
    Supaya prenuptial married itu di nyatakan syah ?

    2. Lembaga manakah yg berwenang untuk mengesyahkan
    prenuptial married untukpernikahan yg yg dolakukan secara
    Muslim? Krn slm ini berita yg saya dapatkan simpang siur.

    3. Dalam pelaksanaan pembuktian prenuptial married yg
    syah secara hukum Indonesia untuk keperluan transaksi
    bank atau jual beli property atau pengurusan izin2 usaha
    dan lain sebagainya ,apa saja yg harus di lengkapi yg biasa
    diminta oleh pihak bank,atau pembeli property atau pihak
    pengelola izin negara ? mohon penjelasannya dan terimakasih banyak

    • Nova Situmeang November 19, 2014 at 5:28 am #

      1. Prenuptial agreement tetap sah walaupun tidak tersebutkan dlm buku KUA. Sepanjang dibuat di notaris, tanggal buat sebelum tanggal menikah dan di dadtarkan di KUA untuk Muslim.

      2. KuA untuk Muslim.

      3.untuk keperluan dokumen bank berbeda beda tergantung pada bank nya.

      NOVA

  8. Cherry November 8, 2014 at 6:16 pm #

    Dear Indolaw,

    Saya sg pelaku kawin campur ,saya ingin bisa mendapatkan
    informasi terupdate sehubungan dgn aturan2 yg berlaku.Dan
    saya ada pertanyaan mengenai :

    1. Sehubungan dgn di hilangkannya halaman kolom
    perjanjian pd buku nikah yg di keluarkan KUA .Maka
    pencantuman preuptial married tidak lagi ada di buku nikah
    yg model terbaru sekarang.Yang jadi pertanyaan saya,
    dimanakah pencantuman prenuptial married di tuliskan ?
    Supaya prenuptial married itu di nyatakan syah ?

    2. Lembaga manakah yg berwenang untuk mengesyahkan
    prenuptial married untukpernikahan yg yg dolakukan secara
    Muslim? Krn slm ini berita yg saya dapatkan simpang siur.

    3. Dalam pelaksanaan pembuktian prenuptial married yg
    syah secara hukum Indonesia untuk keperluan transaksi
    bank atau jual beli property atau pengurusan izin2 usaha
    dan lain sebagainya ,apa saja yg harus di lengkapi yg biasa
    diminta oleh pihak bank,atau pembeli property atau pihak
    pengelola izin negara ?

    4. Karena saya sudah membuat prenupt married en sudah menyerahkan copy prenup married sy ke KUA Tapi di buku nikah tidak tercantum. Apa yg saya bisa lakukan untuk pembuktian kpd pihak ke 3 kelak bhw prenup married sy sdh di ketahui oleh KUA dan syah scra hukum Indonesia ?
    Mohon infonya dan terimakasih

  9. Cherry November 8, 2014 at 6:17 pm #

    Dear Indolaw,

    Saya sbg pelaku kawin campur ,saya ingin bisa mendapatkan
    informasi terupdate sehubungan dgn aturan2 yg berlaku.Dan
    saya ada pertanyaan mengenai :

    1. Sehubungan dgn di hilangkannya halaman kolom
    perjanjian pd buku nikah yg di keluarkan KUA .Maka
    pencantuman preuptial married tidak lagi ada di buku nikah
    yg model terbaru sekarang.Yang jadi pertanyaan saya,
    dimanakah pencantuman prenuptial married di tuliskan ?
    Supaya prenuptial married itu di nyatakan syah ?

    2. Lembaga manakah yg berwenang untuk mengesyahkan
    prenuptial married untukpernikahan yg yg dolakukan secara
    Muslim? Krn slm ini berita yg saya dapatkan simpang siur.

    3. Dalam pelaksanaan pembuktian prenuptial married yg
    syah secara hukum Indonesia untuk keperluan transaksi
    bank atau jual beli property atau pengurusan izin2 usaha
    dan lain sebagainya ,apa saja yg harus di lengkapi yg biasa
    diminta oleh pihak bank,atau pembeli property atau pihak
    pengelola izin negara ?

    4. Karena saya sudah membuat prenupt married en sudah menyerahkan copy prenup married sy ke KUA Tapi di buku nikah tidak tercantum. Apa yg saya bisa lakukan untuk pembuktian kpd pihak ke 3 kelak bhw prenup married sy sdh di ketahui oleh KUA dan syah scra hukum Indonesia ?
    Mohon infonya dan terimakasih

  10. catherine January 12, 2016 at 9:38 pm #

    hi indolaw,

    saya sudah membaca artikel anda & agak bingung karena mendapatkan informasi yg berbeda dari setiap sumber, kalau tidak keberatan, ada beberapa hal yg ingin saya pastikan:

    Saya WNI yang tinggal di Shanghai & akan menikah dengan WNA yang juga tinggal di Shanghai. Karena saya ingin tetap membeli properti di Indonesia maka saya tetap harus membuat prenup, betul?

    1. Saat ini saya & calon suami belum memiliki properti apapun, apa yg harus ditulis di dalam prenup tsb?

    2. Setelah prenup ini dibuat, apakah selamanya harta saya & calon suami akan terpisah secara hukum di Indonesia?

    3. kalau jawaban no 2 adalah ya, apakah apply prenup ada kelebihannya untuk calon suami? apakah lebih baik tidak melaporkan perkawinan campur di Indonesia?

    4. kalau saya tidak melaporkan perkawinan saya di Indonesia, apakah saya tetap bisa memiliki properti dll?

    5. kalau saya tidak melaporkan perkawinan saya di Indonesia, apakah resikonya terhadap calon suami saya, saya & anak2 saya?

    Mohon nasihatnya

    Terima kasih

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